Social capital is defined as the sum of resources that each person has as a result of their relationships, and includes both support from and obligations to groups to which they belong; thus, family membership provides supports but will also entail commitments and obligations to the other family members.
Physical capital is defined in terms of tangible assets such as property and money that may increase recovery options (e.g. being able to move away from existing friends/networks or to afford an expensive detox service).
Human capital includes skills, positive health, aspirations and hopes, and personal resources that will enable the individual to prosper. Traditionally, high educational attainment and high intelligence have been regarded as key aspects of human capital, and will help with some of the problem solving that is required on a recovery journey.
Cultural capital includes the values, beliefs and attitudes that link to social conformity and the ability to fit into dominant social behaviors.
Although the focus here is primarily on individual factors, it is the meshing of three of these components – social, human and cultural capital – that may be particularly important in assessing recovery capital at a group or social level.
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